Making Olympic Ski Racing Safer

If charging down a super G course doesn't scare you, it should. After a rash of early season injuries, officials re-examined how race courses are designed, making the Olympic slopes safer—maybe.
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If charging down a super G course doesn't scare you, it should. After a rash of early season injuries, officials re-examined how race courses are designed, making the Olympic slopes safer—maybe.
Lindsey Vonn World Cup Crash

Picture this: You’re charging down a racecourse at 80 MPH. The world whips by you in a blur. You catch an edge, smack into a gate, and somersault into the safety nets, cracking your neck and shredding a knee. Season? Done. Olympic dreams? Over. Career? Definitely on hold, possibly kaput.

That’s what happened in December to TJ Lanning, one of the U.S. Ski Team’s top racers, during a downhill race at Canada’s Lake Louise. He’s one of many international Alpine competitors sidelined this winter due to season-ending injuries. Other casualties? 2009 downhill champ Canadian John Kucera and French slalom star Jean-Baptiste Grange. Addressing the rash of early-season injuries, Aksel Lund Svindval, the 2009 men’s overall World Cup winner, posted the following on his blog in December, “In two weeks of intense World Cup racing in North America, racers have sustained the following…7 torn ACLS, 4 knee ligaments, 1 broken arm, 1 broken leg, 1 broken neck, 1 concussion, 1 dislocated knee, 1 dislocated shoulder…”Ouch.

Sure, ski racing has always been a dangerous sport, but with ever-evolving gear and technologies creating faster and faster competitors, in recent years, the incidence of injuries has spiked. In response, FIS, the global authority of ski racing and World Cup governing body, launched the “Injury Surveillance System” in 2006 to track facts and figures on injury patterns across all disciplines—Nordic, freestyle, and Alpine. No surprises here: among Alpine racers, knee injuries are the most common affliction.

As a part of this initiative, in December FIS convened a panel of six top Alpine competitors, including Didier Cuche, Scott Macartney, and Askal Lund Svindal, to drill down on how to make racing safer. They cited course preparation, improved take-off points for jumps, flat landings, and medical procedures as top concerns. The athletes also made a plea for redesigned gates, ones that would rip off more easily upon impact, which, as would have been the case in Lanning’s accident, would significantly reduce injuries and their severity. While competitors want to increase safety, they’re also aware that it’s the danger, blood, and guts of their sport that turn fans on, and athletes are wary of ratcheting down the sex appeal.

When it comes to modifying race procedures, FIS is adamant about using systematic data collection and scientific analysis to make informed decisions. In January, FIS rolled out a new three-year scientific study to analyze Alpine racing safety and to make recommendations on how to decrease the number of injuries. The first phase will collect information through interviews with athletes, coaches, equipment providers, among other experts, to gather suggestions for short-term prevention solutions. Subsequent stages will focus on future prevention strategies and rule changes. However, some modifications were deemed urgent enough to institute immediately: smaller jumps and new gates with flags that rip way upon contact.

FIS works closely with VANOC to design the Alpine racecourses at the Olympics, but ultimately, it’s VANOC who sets them (save the downhill, which FIS still oversees—it’s an old, complicated tradition). With fog rising from Whistler Mountain during the downhill training runs, making visibility next to none, officials were scrambling to re-design the race gates in an effort to make them more visible, switching the flag color from green to red. With this last minute change, officials on the ground weren’t sure if the new, FIS-sanctioned gates would be in place during the Games.

But with soupy conditions, low visibility, and a pack of gold hungry athletes, no matter what happens, one thing’s for certain: there will be carnage.It wouldn’t be a proper ski race without it.